Driving in Switzerland.
Traveling by Car in Switzerland
Traveling in Switzerland is fun, exciting and exhilarating as you explore personal, uncharted territories. However, when traveling on a self-guided Alpenwild tour, the learning curve for local rules and travel regulations can put a damper on your journey if you’re not prepared. We want to help you avoid headaches by sharing five insider tips that will help you avoid fines and enjoy your Alpenwild self-guided road trip!
Switzerland has an excellent train and public transportation system, and for most travelers the famously efficient, punctual, and integrated Swiss Travel System is a great way to travel. But there are situations and itineraries where traveling by car might be the best option.
As you plan your trip, feel free to call an Alpenwild destination specialist to help you plan your itinerary and select the best travel method for you. Here are some pros and cons worth considering as you plan your trip:
Reasons to Travel by Car:
- You plan to visit remote areas and small villages with limited public transportation.
- You want to travel primarily on backroads and on roads over the mountain passes.
- You have more luggage than you can easily manage by yourself.
Reasons to Travel by Train:
- Your itinerary involves inn-to-inn hiking and staying in berghotels
- You plan to visit and stay in car-free resorts like Zermatt, Murren, or Wengen
- You want to include mountain excursions and scenic trains like the Jungfrau Railway, the Glacier Express, or the Gornergrat, as well as trams, funiculars, and lake steamers
- You plan on staying primarily in the larger cities (Zurich, Geneva, Lugano, Basel, Bern, Luzern, Lausanne) where driving in the urban center is restricted and parking is a challenge.
- You won't be subject to speeding cameras and fines
Taking the Wheel in Switzerland?
If you’re set on exploring Switzerland by car, here are 5 things you need to know to drive legally on your Switzerland road trip.
1. Yes, a driver’s license is required in Switzerland
Like a driver’s license is required anywhere else in the world, they are required in Switzerland as well. Individuals must be 18 years or older to drive in Switzerland. An International Driver's License in Switzerland is not required by law—your locally-issued license is all you need—but it can be helpful to have one available while traveling in Switzerland and elsewhere in Europe.
2. Rental Requirements
It is wise to book a rental car before your trip to ensure a vehicle will be ready for you when you arrive to Switzerland. There are many rental companies to choose from. Be sure to research what airport you will be arriving at and what car rental facilities are available there. You don’t want to reserve a car in Geneva if you are flying into Basel, unless you plan on catching a train!
Most Swiss car rental agencies require rental driver to be at least 25 years of age. Some agencies allow younger drivers to rent cars; however, the insurance rates will certainly increase.
When you inspect your rental vehicle at pick-up, be sure to ensure that your car comes with a vignette on the inside of the windshield and a warning triangle (used in the case of an accident). It is required by law to have one of each in the vehicle at all times.
Any person that uses the Swiss highways must pay for a vignette, also known as the motorway (highway) tax. Vignettes cost 40 CHF each (about $40 USD) and show that you have paid the motorway tax. Most rental cars will come with a vignette. In the case that your vehicle doesn’t, you should be able to purchase a vignette at a border crossing, gas station, or post office. The vignette should be placed on the inside of your windshield, failing to do so could result in a fine.
There are very few toll roads in Switzerland (just a few key mountain tunnels) and the vignette does not cover those tolls. Be sure to plan your routes accordingly. You can buy a Swiss Half Fare card to receive discounts on cable car rides.
4. Light the way
In Switzerland, drivers are required to drive with their car head and tail-lights on day and night, regardless of the weather. Failing to do so can result in a fine. Just don’t forget to turn them off when you leave the car and explore!
5. Speeding Cameras
There are speeding cameras throughout Switzerland, and when you least expect it you'll see a flash, meaning you've been caught speeding. Fines are steep—typically CHF 100 for going just 10km per hour over the speed limit. And when driving a rental car the ticket is sent to the rental car company and then forwarded to you with a 'service charge' of about CHF 30 tacked on top. We know one American who traveled by rental car in Switzerland for about 10 days and came home to a stack of speeding tickets totaling over $1500.
6. Road signs
Home to four national languages plus English, road signs are used to visually direct drivers and keep the peace. Here is a Switzerland sign guide:
- Red triangles warn
- Inverted triangles mean “No right of way”
- Blue rectangles & squares direct to something (i.e. like hospital signs in the U.S.)
- Blue circles instruct (i.e. turn right)
- Red circles prohibit certain things (like the red circle with a slash in the U.S.)
- Grey and white circles or rectangles tell you what is ending (speed zone, train lane etc)
- Yellow diamond indicates when a highway starts or begins
- Green roadway with an overpass indicates the beginning or end of a motorway - watch for a speed limit change
- Orange arrows indicate detours
Now you’ve got the basics to eoy your self-guided Alpenwild road trip! If you have second thoughts and would rather join a guided tour, don’t hesitate to contact your Alpenwild Destination Specialist or email firstname.lastname@example.org. We are certain you will fall in love with Switzerland just like we have!
Other Switzerland Driving Do’s and Don’ts:
- Random alcohol testing is common, and the blood alcohol limit is 0.5—lower than the US and most European countries. Bottom Line—Don’t drink and drive.
- Swiss are very obedient when it comes to speed limits. Hidden speed cameras are located throughout Switzerland. And the fines are stiff. If you’re speeding in a rental car, the ticket will be sent to the rental car agency and passed on to you weeks or even months after your visit, with a processing surcharge tacked on top.
- Pedestrians have the right of way at any crosswalk. Swiss drivers will always stop for pedestrians, even before they step foot into the street. Always yield the right of way to pedestrians.
- You may not text while driving, but you may use hands-free cellular features.
- Parking can be difficult to find. Do not park on sidewalks or pedestrian paths.
- Blue zones require a blue tag to be displayed to park in the zone, be aware of the parking time limit, and adjust the parking time dashboard dial that often comes with rental cars. (See image to the right; adjust the dial to match the time of arrival.)
- Red zones require red tags to be displayed to park in the zone, be aware of parking time limits.
- Park and ride lots allow you to pay for, park, and ride on public transportation.
- If you can find them, solid white lines indicate free, unlimited parking along the street.
Grand Tour of Switzerland
To give automobile travelers the best possible experience, Switzerland Tourism has come up with the Grand Tour of Switzerland, a well-marked, pre-planned, suggested driving routes throughout Switzerland, and supported with a map and guidebook. The route is both comprehensive and adaptable. It takes you from palm-lined lakeshores to glistening glaciers; from quaint medieval villages to buzzing cities. You’ll discover Switzerland at your own pace, but with lots of inspiration at your fingertips.